Remote Deposit Capture is a game changer.
Imagine you’re talking to someone who’s been in a coma for 20 years. They see you pull a device out of your pocket or purse that is more powerful than the biggest, fanciest computers from the last time they were conscious. What’s more, it’s got a GPS, a digital camera and enough storage capacity to fit the Library of Alexandria on it hundreds of times over. The smartphone has been a technological revolution, and it’s slowly becoming the way more and more of us handle most of our affairs.
It’s really no surprise, then, that smartphones are the way people in this dazzling science fiction future do even basic things like depositing checks. Yes, remote deposit applications are becoming more common and offered by more financial institutions every day. With the passage of the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (AKA: “Check 21″), financial institutions are quickly moving toward a world of digital checking. Thanks to the act, a digital image of a check is now a legally binding document, just like the check itself. This change is what opened the door to direct deposit from your pocket.
Here’s how the system works. Someone writes you a personal check. You take a picture of the front and back of the check with your smartphone using the app provided by your credit union. The app on your phone then transmits the images to your credit union, which can immediately deposit the check into your account.
Everyone who works with checks can stand to benefit from remote deposits. Small businesses can take personal checks without a waiting period, enabling them to take more forms of payment from more people. Busy workers can deposit paychecks without having to race the clock to make it to their institution before closing time. Consumers can quickly and securely transfer funds to their savings.
Institutions also benefit from the efficiencies that are gained by offering by remote deposit. Paper checks have to be scanned and processed by hand, which takes lots of labor hours. Remote deposit takes considerably less time, allowing financial institutions to keep costs lower and pass the savings onto members through better rates and other programs.
The one downside for consumers is the absence of “float.” Typically, it takes checks a day or so to be processed. So, writing a paper check might give a consumer a little time to get the money together and put it in the bank. Because remote deposit works much faster, the “floating” period, the time between when a check is written and when it’s deducted from the account, is much shorter. “Floating” a check like this is illegal and can cost a fortune in fees, fines and penalties. It’s a bad practice even when it is possible.
Concerns over security are largely unfounded. While the remote deposit application does make it possible to deposit the same check twice, unique check identifiers make this process very easy to detect. One Kentucky man attempted to operate such a con with Western Union money orders and managed to defraud Kroger grocery stores of $12,000 before he was caught days later. The money was returned and the perpetrator went to jail. Realistically, the same concerns exist with photocopied paper checks, a problem that barely registers in the minds of most security experts. In fact, data clearinghouse EasCorp estimates that many more of these “double-deposit” incidents are simple accidents rather than complex frauds.
Conversely, remote deposit may be a way to stop an under-reported style of check fraud known as check kiting. In a kiting scam, a criminal writes a check with insufficient funds from one account, then writes another check from a different account, also one with insufficient funds, to cover the first check. Because paper checks typically take a day or two to process, these “floating” checks are never returned for insufficient funds and the scammer gets away with the balance of the first check. Thanks to the nearly instantaneous return of mobile deposit checks, this kind of fraud is much more difficult, if not impossible.
Worries about data theft or other hacking can also be put to rest. Cellphone data encryption is the same as the encryption for any other Internet service. Check images are no more likely to be stolen from a cellphone than they are from a check clearinghouse after a paper transaction. There’s nothing unique about cellphone data that makes it easier to steal.
Taking reasonable precautions with remote deposited checks will make life considerably easier. If you choose to take advantage of remote deposit, keep the check for a brief period after your remote transaction – no more than 7 days. This holding period is to ensure the image was of sufficient quality for every institution in the chain and that there are no issues with processing. Once that period passes, clearly mark the check as deposited and shred it. This could be quite a bit of paperwork if you’re a small business owner who takes a lot of checks. But if you just want to use it for your paycheck, it shouldn’t be too hard to keep up.
Remote deposit isn’t just the future of mobile banking, it’s already here. And it’s an exciting time for it. If you’re one of the 45 million people who take advantage of smartphone banking services, you should be excited about remote deposit, too. It won’t change your life, but it will make a lot of your transactions easier, faster, and safer than ever before.